Source code for PIL.ImageMath

#
# The Python Imaging Library
# $Id$
#
# a simple math add-on for the Python Imaging Library
#
# History:
# 1999-02-15 fl   Original PIL Plus release
# 2005-05-05 fl   Simplified and cleaned up for PIL 1.1.6
# 2005-09-12 fl   Fixed int() and float() for Python 2.4.1
#
# Copyright (c) 1999-2005 by Secret Labs AB
# Copyright (c) 2005 by Fredrik Lundh
#
# See the README file for information on usage and redistribution.
#

from . import Image, _imagingmath
from ._util import py3

try:
    import builtins
except ImportError:
    import __builtin__
    builtins = __builtin__

VERBOSE = 0


def _isconstant(v):
    return isinstance(v, int) or isinstance(v, float)


class _Operand(object):
    """Wraps an image operand, providing standard operators"""

    def __init__(self, im):
        self.im = im

    def __fixup(self, im1):
        # convert image to suitable mode
        if isinstance(im1, _Operand):
            # argument was an image.
            if im1.im.mode in ("1", "L"):
                return im1.im.convert("I")
            elif im1.im.mode in ("I", "F"):
                return im1.im
            else:
                raise ValueError("unsupported mode: %s" % im1.im.mode)
        else:
            # argument was a constant
            if _isconstant(im1) and self.im.mode in ("1", "L", "I"):
                return Image.new("I", self.im.size, im1)
            else:
                return Image.new("F", self.im.size, im1)

    def apply(self, op, im1, im2=None, mode=None):
        im1 = self.__fixup(im1)
        if im2 is None:
            # unary operation
            out = Image.new(mode or im1.mode, im1.size, None)
            im1.load()
            try:
                op = getattr(_imagingmath, op+"_"+im1.mode)
            except AttributeError:
                raise TypeError("bad operand type for '%s'" % op)
            _imagingmath.unop(op, out.im.id, im1.im.id)
        else:
            # binary operation
            im2 = self.__fixup(im2)
            if im1.mode != im2.mode:
                # convert both arguments to floating point
                if im1.mode != "F":
                    im1 = im1.convert("F")
                if im2.mode != "F":
                    im2 = im2.convert("F")
                if im1.mode != im2.mode:
                    raise ValueError("mode mismatch")
            if im1.size != im2.size:
                # crop both arguments to a common size
                size = (min(im1.size[0], im2.size[0]),
                        min(im1.size[1], im2.size[1]))
                if im1.size != size:
                    im1 = im1.crop((0, 0) + size)
                if im2.size != size:
                    im2 = im2.crop((0, 0) + size)
                out = Image.new(mode or im1.mode, size, None)
            else:
                out = Image.new(mode or im1.mode, im1.size, None)
            im1.load()
            im2.load()
            try:
                op = getattr(_imagingmath, op+"_"+im1.mode)
            except AttributeError:
                raise TypeError("bad operand type for '%s'" % op)
            _imagingmath.binop(op, out.im.id, im1.im.id, im2.im.id)
        return _Operand(out)

    # unary operators
    def __bool__(self):
        # an image is "true" if it contains at least one non-zero pixel
        return self.im.getbbox() is not None

    if not py3:
        # Provide __nonzero__ for pre-Py3k
        __nonzero__ = __bool__
        del __bool__

    def __abs__(self):
        return self.apply("abs", self)

    def __pos__(self):
        return self

    def __neg__(self):
        return self.apply("neg", self)

    # binary operators
    def __add__(self, other):
        return self.apply("add", self, other)

    def __radd__(self, other):
        return self.apply("add", other, self)

    def __sub__(self, other):
        return self.apply("sub", self, other)

    def __rsub__(self, other):
        return self.apply("sub", other, self)

    def __mul__(self, other):
        return self.apply("mul", self, other)

    def __rmul__(self, other):
        return self.apply("mul", other, self)

    def __truediv__(self, other):
        return self.apply("div", self, other)

    def __rtruediv__(self, other):
        return self.apply("div", other, self)

    def __mod__(self, other):
        return self.apply("mod", self, other)

    def __rmod__(self, other):
        return self.apply("mod", other, self)

    def __pow__(self, other):
        return self.apply("pow", self, other)

    def __rpow__(self, other):
        return self.apply("pow", other, self)

    if not py3:
        # Provide __div__ and __rdiv__ for pre-Py3k
        __div__ = __truediv__
        __rdiv__ = __rtruediv__
        del __truediv__
        del __rtruediv__

    # bitwise
    def __invert__(self):
        return self.apply("invert", self)

    def __and__(self, other):
        return self.apply("and", self, other)

    def __rand__(self, other):
        return self.apply("and", other, self)

    def __or__(self, other):
        return self.apply("or", self, other)

    def __ror__(self, other):
        return self.apply("or", other, self)

    def __xor__(self, other):
        return self.apply("xor", self, other)

    def __rxor__(self, other):
        return self.apply("xor", other, self)

    def __lshift__(self, other):
        return self.apply("lshift", self, other)

    def __rshift__(self, other):
        return self.apply("rshift", self, other)

    # logical
    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.apply("eq", self, other)

    def __ne__(self, other):
        return self.apply("ne", self, other)

    def __lt__(self, other):
        return self.apply("lt", self, other)

    def __le__(self, other):
        return self.apply("le", self, other)

    def __gt__(self, other):
        return self.apply("gt", self, other)

    def __ge__(self, other):
        return self.apply("ge", self, other)


# conversions
def imagemath_int(self):
    return _Operand(self.im.convert("I"))


def imagemath_float(self):
    return _Operand(self.im.convert("F"))


# logical
def imagemath_equal(self, other):
    return self.apply("eq", self, other, mode="I")


def imagemath_notequal(self, other):
    return self.apply("ne", self, other, mode="I")


def imagemath_min(self, other):
    return self.apply("min", self, other)


def imagemath_max(self, other):
    return self.apply("max", self, other)


def imagemath_convert(self, mode):
    return _Operand(self.im.convert(mode))


ops = {}
for k, v in list(globals().items()):
    if k[:10] == "imagemath_":
        ops[k[10:]] = v


[docs]def eval(expression, _dict={}, **kw): """ Evaluates an image expression. :param expression: A string containing a Python-style expression. :param options: Values to add to the evaluation context. You can either use a dictionary, or one or more keyword arguments. :return: The evaluated expression. This is usually an image object, but can also be an integer, a floating point value, or a pixel tuple, depending on the expression. """ # build execution namespace args = ops.copy() args.update(_dict) args.update(kw) for k, v in list(args.items()): if hasattr(v, "im"): args[k] = _Operand(v) out = builtins.eval(expression, args) try: return out.im except AttributeError: return out