Source code for PIL.ImageDraw

#
# The Python Imaging Library
# $Id$
#
# drawing interface operations
#
# History:
# 1996-04-13 fl   Created (experimental)
# 1996-08-07 fl   Filled polygons, ellipses.
# 1996-08-13 fl   Added text support
# 1998-06-28 fl   Handle I and F images
# 1998-12-29 fl   Added arc; use arc primitive to draw ellipses
# 1999-01-10 fl   Added shape stuff (experimental)
# 1999-02-06 fl   Added bitmap support
# 1999-02-11 fl   Changed all primitives to take options
# 1999-02-20 fl   Fixed backwards compatibility
# 2000-10-12 fl   Copy on write, when necessary
# 2001-02-18 fl   Use default ink for bitmap/text also in fill mode
# 2002-10-24 fl   Added support for CSS-style color strings
# 2002-12-10 fl   Added experimental support for RGBA-on-RGB drawing
# 2002-12-11 fl   Refactored low-level drawing API (work in progress)
# 2004-08-26 fl   Made Draw() a factory function, added getdraw() support
# 2004-09-04 fl   Added width support to line primitive
# 2004-09-10 fl   Added font mode handling
# 2006-06-19 fl   Added font bearing support (getmask2)
#
# Copyright (c) 1997-2006 by Secret Labs AB
# Copyright (c) 1996-2006 by Fredrik Lundh
#
# See the README file for information on usage and redistribution.
#

import math
import numbers

from . import Image, ImageColor


"""
A simple 2D drawing interface for PIL images.
<p>
Application code should use the <b>Draw</b> factory, instead of
directly.
"""


class ImageDraw:
    def __init__(self, im, mode=None):
        """
        Create a drawing instance.

        :param im: The image to draw in.
        :param mode: Optional mode to use for color values.  For RGB
           images, this argument can be RGB or RGBA (to blend the
           drawing into the image).  For all other modes, this argument
           must be the same as the image mode.  If omitted, the mode
           defaults to the mode of the image.
        """
        im.load()
        if im.readonly:
            im._copy()  # make it writeable
        blend = 0
        if mode is None:
            mode = im.mode
        if mode != im.mode:
            if mode == "RGBA" and im.mode == "RGB":
                blend = 1
            else:
                raise ValueError("mode mismatch")
        if mode == "P":
            self.palette = im.palette
        else:
            self.palette = None
        self.im = im.im
        self.draw = Image.core.draw(self.im, blend)
        self.mode = mode
        if mode in ("I", "F"):
            self.ink = self.draw.draw_ink(1)
        else:
            self.ink = self.draw.draw_ink(-1)
        if mode in ("1", "P", "I", "F"):
            # FIXME: fix Fill2 to properly support matte for I+F images
            self.fontmode = "1"
        else:
            self.fontmode = "L"  # aliasing is okay for other modes
        self.fill = 0
        self.font = None

[docs] def getfont(self): """ Get the current default font. :returns: An image font.""" if not self.font: # FIXME: should add a font repository from . import ImageFont self.font = ImageFont.load_default() return self.font
def _getink(self, ink, fill=None): if ink is None and fill is None: if self.fill: fill = self.ink else: ink = self.ink else: if ink is not None: if isinstance(ink, str): ink = ImageColor.getcolor(ink, self.mode) if self.palette and not isinstance(ink, numbers.Number): ink = self.palette.getcolor(ink) ink = self.draw.draw_ink(ink) if fill is not None: if isinstance(fill, str): fill = ImageColor.getcolor(fill, self.mode) if self.palette and not isinstance(fill, numbers.Number): fill = self.palette.getcolor(fill) fill = self.draw.draw_ink(fill) return ink, fill
[docs] def arc(self, xy, start, end, fill=None, width=0): """Draw an arc.""" ink, fill = self._getink(fill) if ink is not None: self.draw.draw_arc(xy, start, end, ink, width)
[docs] def bitmap(self, xy, bitmap, fill=None): """Draw a bitmap.""" bitmap.load() ink, fill = self._getink(fill) if ink is None: ink = fill if ink is not None: self.draw.draw_bitmap(xy, bitmap.im, ink)
[docs] def chord(self, xy, start, end, fill=None, outline=None, width=1): """Draw a chord.""" ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_chord(xy, start, end, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill and width != 0: self.draw.draw_chord(xy, start, end, ink, 0, width)
[docs] def ellipse(self, xy, fill=None, outline=None, width=1): """Draw an ellipse.""" ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_ellipse(xy, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill and width != 0: self.draw.draw_ellipse(xy, ink, 0, width)
[docs] def line(self, xy, fill=None, width=0, joint=None): """Draw a line, or a connected sequence of line segments.""" ink = self._getink(fill)[0] if ink is not None: self.draw.draw_lines(xy, ink, width) if joint == "curve" and width > 4: if not isinstance(xy[0], (list, tuple)): xy = [tuple(xy[i : i + 2]) for i in range(0, len(xy), 2)] for i in range(1, len(xy) - 1): point = xy[i] angles = [ math.degrees(math.atan2(end[0] - start[0], start[1] - end[1])) % 360 for start, end in ((xy[i - 1], point), (point, xy[i + 1])) ] if angles[0] == angles[1]: # This is a straight line, so no joint is required continue def coord_at_angle(coord, angle): x, y = coord angle -= 90 distance = width / 2 - 1 return tuple( [ p + (math.floor(p_d) if p_d > 0 else math.ceil(p_d)) for p, p_d in ( (x, distance * math.cos(math.radians(angle))), (y, distance * math.sin(math.radians(angle))), ) ] ) flipped = ( angles[1] > angles[0] and angles[1] - 180 > angles[0] ) or (angles[1] < angles[0] and angles[1] + 180 > angles[0]) coords = [ (point[0] - width / 2 + 1, point[1] - width / 2 + 1), (point[0] + width / 2 - 1, point[1] + width / 2 - 1), ] if flipped: start, end = (angles[1] + 90, angles[0] + 90) else: start, end = (angles[0] - 90, angles[1] - 90) self.pieslice(coords, start - 90, end - 90, fill) if width > 8: # Cover potential gaps between the line and the joint if flipped: gapCoords = [ coord_at_angle(point, angles[0] + 90), point, coord_at_angle(point, angles[1] + 90), ] else: gapCoords = [ coord_at_angle(point, angles[0] - 90), point, coord_at_angle(point, angles[1] - 90), ] self.line(gapCoords, fill, width=3)
[docs] def shape(self, shape, fill=None, outline=None): """(Experimental) Draw a shape.""" shape.close() ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_outline(shape, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill: self.draw.draw_outline(shape, ink, 0)
[docs] def pieslice(self, xy, start, end, fill=None, outline=None, width=1): """Draw a pieslice.""" ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_pieslice(xy, start, end, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill and width != 0: self.draw.draw_pieslice(xy, start, end, ink, 0, width)
[docs] def point(self, xy, fill=None): """Draw one or more individual pixels.""" ink, fill = self._getink(fill) if ink is not None: self.draw.draw_points(xy, ink)
[docs] def polygon(self, xy, fill=None, outline=None): """Draw a polygon.""" ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_polygon(xy, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill: self.draw.draw_polygon(xy, ink, 0)
[docs] def rectangle(self, xy, fill=None, outline=None, width=1): """Draw a rectangle.""" ink, fill = self._getink(outline, fill) if fill is not None: self.draw.draw_rectangle(xy, fill, 1) if ink is not None and ink != fill and width != 0: self.draw.draw_rectangle(xy, ink, 0, width)
def _multiline_check(self, text): """Draw text.""" split_character = "\n" if isinstance(text, str) else b"\n" return split_character in text def _multiline_split(self, text): split_character = "\n" if isinstance(text, str) else b"\n" return text.split(split_character)
[docs] def text( self, xy, text, fill=None, font=None, anchor=None, spacing=4, align="left", direction=None, features=None, language=None, stroke_width=0, stroke_fill=None, *args, **kwargs ): if self._multiline_check(text): return self.multiline_text( xy, text, fill, font, anchor, spacing, align, direction, features, language, stroke_width, stroke_fill, ) if font is None: font = self.getfont() def getink(fill): ink, fill = self._getink(fill) if ink is None: return fill return ink def draw_text(ink, stroke_width=0, stroke_offset=None): coord = xy try: mask, offset = font.getmask2( text, self.fontmode, direction=direction, features=features, language=language, stroke_width=stroke_width, *args, **kwargs, ) coord = coord[0] + offset[0], coord[1] + offset[1] except AttributeError: try: mask = font.getmask( text, self.fontmode, direction, features, language, stroke_width, *args, **kwargs, ) except TypeError: mask = font.getmask(text) if stroke_offset: coord = coord[0] + stroke_offset[0], coord[1] + stroke_offset[1] self.draw.draw_bitmap(coord, mask, ink) ink = getink(fill) if ink is not None: stroke_ink = None if stroke_width: stroke_ink = getink(stroke_fill) if stroke_fill is not None else ink if stroke_ink is not None: # Draw stroked text draw_text(stroke_ink, stroke_width) # Draw normal text draw_text(ink, 0, (stroke_width, stroke_width)) else: # Only draw normal text draw_text(ink)
[docs] def multiline_text( self, xy, text, fill=None, font=None, anchor=None, spacing=4, align="left", direction=None, features=None, language=None, stroke_width=0, stroke_fill=None, ): widths = [] max_width = 0 lines = self._multiline_split(text) line_spacing = ( self.textsize("A", font=font, stroke_width=stroke_width)[1] + spacing ) for line in lines: line_width, line_height = self.textsize( line, font, direction=direction, features=features, language=language, stroke_width=stroke_width, ) widths.append(line_width) max_width = max(max_width, line_width) left, top = xy for idx, line in enumerate(lines): if align == "left": pass # left = x elif align == "center": left += (max_width - widths[idx]) / 2.0 elif align == "right": left += max_width - widths[idx] else: raise ValueError('align must be "left", "center" or "right"') self.text( (left, top), line, fill, font, anchor, direction=direction, features=features, language=language, stroke_width=stroke_width, stroke_fill=stroke_fill, ) top += line_spacing left = xy[0]
[docs] def textsize( self, text, font=None, spacing=4, direction=None, features=None, language=None, stroke_width=0, ): """Get the size of a given string, in pixels.""" if self._multiline_check(text): return self.multiline_textsize( text, font, spacing, direction, features, language, stroke_width ) if font is None: font = self.getfont() return font.getsize(text, direction, features, language, stroke_width)
[docs] def multiline_textsize( self, text, font=None, spacing=4, direction=None, features=None, language=None, stroke_width=0, ): max_width = 0 lines = self._multiline_split(text) line_spacing = ( self.textsize("A", font=font, stroke_width=stroke_width)[1] + spacing ) for line in lines: line_width, line_height = self.textsize( line, font, spacing, direction, features, language, stroke_width ) max_width = max(max_width, line_width) return max_width, len(lines) * line_spacing - spacing
[docs]def Draw(im, mode=None): """ A simple 2D drawing interface for PIL images. :param im: The image to draw in. :param mode: Optional mode to use for color values. For RGB images, this argument can be RGB or RGBA (to blend the drawing into the image). For all other modes, this argument must be the same as the image mode. If omitted, the mode defaults to the mode of the image. """ try: return im.getdraw(mode) except AttributeError: return ImageDraw(im, mode)
# experimental access to the outline API try: Outline = Image.core.outline except AttributeError: Outline = None
[docs]def getdraw(im=None, hints=None): """ (Experimental) A more advanced 2D drawing interface for PIL images, based on the WCK interface. :param im: The image to draw in. :param hints: An optional list of hints. :returns: A (drawing context, drawing resource factory) tuple. """ # FIXME: this needs more work! # FIXME: come up with a better 'hints' scheme. handler = None if not hints or "nicest" in hints: try: from . import _imagingagg as handler except ImportError: pass if handler is None: from . import ImageDraw2 as handler if im: im = handler.Draw(im) return im, handler
[docs]def floodfill(image, xy, value, border=None, thresh=0): """ (experimental) Fills a bounded region with a given color. :param image: Target image. :param xy: Seed position (a 2-item coordinate tuple). See :ref:`coordinate-system`. :param value: Fill color. :param border: Optional border value. If given, the region consists of pixels with a color different from the border color. If not given, the region consists of pixels having the same color as the seed pixel. :param thresh: Optional threshold value which specifies a maximum tolerable difference of a pixel value from the 'background' in order for it to be replaced. Useful for filling regions of non-homogeneous, but similar, colors. """ # based on an implementation by Eric S. Raymond # amended by yo1995 @20180806 pixel = image.load() x, y = xy try: background = pixel[x, y] if _color_diff(value, background) <= thresh: return # seed point already has fill color pixel[x, y] = value except (ValueError, IndexError): return # seed point outside image edge = {(x, y)} # use a set to keep record of current and previous edge pixels # to reduce memory consumption full_edge = set() while edge: new_edge = set() for (x, y) in edge: # 4 adjacent method for (s, t) in ((x + 1, y), (x - 1, y), (x, y + 1), (x, y - 1)): # If already processed, or if a coordinate is negative, skip if (s, t) in full_edge or s < 0 or t < 0: continue try: p = pixel[s, t] except (ValueError, IndexError): pass else: full_edge.add((s, t)) if border is None: fill = _color_diff(p, background) <= thresh else: fill = p != value and p != border if fill: pixel[s, t] = value new_edge.add((s, t)) full_edge = edge # discard pixels processed edge = new_edge
def _color_diff(color1, color2): """ Uses 1-norm distance to calculate difference between two values. """ if isinstance(color2, tuple): return sum([abs(color1[i] - color2[i]) for i in range(0, len(color2))]) else: return abs(color1 - color2)