ImageDraw arc, chord and pieslice can now use floats

There is no longer a need to ensure that the start and end arguments for arc, chord and pieslice are integers.

Note that these numbers are not simply rounded internally, but are actually utilised in the drawing process.

Consistent multiline text spacing

When using the ImageDraw multiline methods, the spacing between lines was inconsistent, based on the combination on ascenders and descenders.

This has now been fixed, so that lines are offset by their baselines, not the absolute height of each line.

There is also now a default spacing of 4px between lines.

Exif, Jpeg and Tiff Metadata

There were major changes in the TIFF ImageFileDirectory support in Pillow 3.0 that led to a number of regressions. Some of them have been fixed in Pillow 3.1, and some of them have been extended to have different behavior.


Pillow 3.0 changed rational metadata to use a float. In Pillow 3.1, this has changed to allow the expression of 0/0 as a valid piece of rational metadata to reflect usage in the wild.

Rational metadata is now encapsulated in an IFDRational instance. This class extends the Rational class to allow a denominator of 0. It compares as a float or a number, but does allow access to the raw numerator and denominator values through attributes.

When used in a ImageFileDirectory_v1, a 2 item tuple is returned of the numerator and denominator, as was done previously.

This class should be used when adding a rational value to an ImageFileDirectory for saving to image metadata.


In Pillow 3.0, the dictionary returned from the private, experimental, but generally widely used _getexif function changed to reflect the ImageFileDirectory_v2 format, without a fallback to the previous format.

In Pillow 3.1, _getexif now returns a dictionary compatible with Pillow 2.9 and earlier, built with ImageFileDirectory_v1 instances. Additionally, any single item tuples have been unwrapped and return a bare element.

The format returned by Pillow 3.0 has been abandoned. A more fully featured interface for EXIF is anticipated in a future release.

Out of Spec Metadata

In Pillow 3.0 and 3.1, images that contain metadata that is internally consistent but not in agreement with the TIFF spec may cause an exception when reading the metadata. This can happen when a tag that is specified to have a single value is stored with an array of values.

It is anticipated that this behavior will change in future releases.